|Course Direction:||Environmental Engineering and Geo-Environment|
The Hydrological Cycle. The Hydrological Balance. Rock Properties Affecting Groundwater. Groundwater Movement. Intrinsic Permeability, Hydraulic Conductivity, Storage Coefficient. Vertical Distribution of Groundwater. Geological Formations as Aquifers. Types of Aquifers. Water Level Fluctuations as Environmental Parameters. Overpumping and Consequences. Saline Water Intrusion in Aquifers. Vulnerability of Aquifers. Main Sources of Pollution in Aquifers. Pollution Propagation.
Protection of Aquifers, Springs, and Wells against Pollution and Exhaustion. Special Hydrogeological Topics for Water-Waste Treatment and Water Protection. Remediation of Aquifers (Qualitative and Quantitative): Pollutants Removal with Pumping, Hydraulic Traps, Laundering, Chemical Methods, etc. Water Suitability for Various Uses. Groundwater and Engineering Constructions.